Volume 5, Issue 2 (Journal of Clinical and Basic Research (JCBR) 2021)                   jcbr 2021, 5(2): 1-4 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohanty N R, Panda B. Central Nervous System Tuberculosis Presenting As a Case of Myelitis: A Rare Complication. jcbr. 2021; 5 (2) :1-4
URL: http://jcbr.goums.ac.ir/article-1-317-en.html
1- Faculty of Medicine, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India , drniharmohanty07@gmail.com
2- Faculty of Medicine, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
Abstract:   (155 Views)

Background: Transverse myelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord manifested by acute or subacute onset of paraparesis, sensory deficit and autonomic dysfunction. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a very rare cause of transverse myelitis. Diagnosis is made through clinical examination, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of spinal cord and bacteriological confirmation of infection. We report a case of tuberculoma presenting as transverse myelitis.

 

Case description: A 21 years old female presented with hypotonia of lower limbs, urine retention, no abdominal reflex and no deep tendon reflex in knee and ankle. Brain and spine MRI suggested multi tuberculomas and incomplete myelitis. The patient was recovered after treatment with antitubercular drugs and corticosteroids.

 

Conclusion: Our findings highlight the importance of considering tuberculosis infection when managing cases with longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis.  

Full-Text [PDF 573 kb]   (32 Downloads)    
Article Type: Case report | Subject: Basic medical sciences
Received: 2021/04/1 | Accepted: 2021/07/6 | Published: 2021/04/1

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