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1- School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2- Neuroscience Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3- Neuroscience Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , soqra.hesam@gmail.com
Abstract:   (111 Views)
Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant medical concern, with post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) being one of its consequences. Epilepsy, with a global prevalence of 1%, is the third most common neurological disorder after stroke and Alzheimer’s disease. Trauma accounts for 20% of symptomatic epilepsy cases. Understanding the prevalence of PTE and the factors influencing it can aid in diagnosis and treatment. This study aims to investigate the relationship between epilepsy prevalence, age, gender, and post-traumatic brain injuries.
Methods: This retrospective descriptive study analyzed data from 135 epilepsy patients hospitalized between 2018 and 2021. Statistical analysis involved reviewing relevant data and creating tables and graphs.
Results: The findings indicate that epilepsy is more prevalent in men than in women, with the most affected age group being 20-29 years old. Post-traumatic epilepsy emerged as the most common factor among the patients. The prevalence of PTE in this study was 9.6%, closely aligning with the global rate of 7.8%.
Conclusion: The prevalence of post-traumatic epilepsy is significantly influenced by geographical conditions and living environments. In developing countries, the high volume of road traffic and increased accident rates contribute to a higher incidence of post-traumatic epilepsy.

 
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Article Type: Research | Subject: Basic medical sciences

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