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:: دوره 2، شماره 1 - ( 1-1397 ) ::
جلد 2 شماره 1 صفحات 1-5 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance and β- lactamase Production in Clinical Isolates from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Central India
ویجی نانوتی، گوپال آگرووال ، سنجای تنخیوال
چکیده:   (396 مشاهده)
Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance in bacterial pathogens is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We aimed to evaluate antibiotic resistance and β-lactamase production in clinical isolates of a tertiary care hospital in Central India. Materials and Methods: Clinical isolates (n=6472 isolates) from patients with infection were identified using standard microbiological techniques. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed according to the CLSI guidelines using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique. AmpC production in Enterobacteriaceae isolates was tested in screening test. Cloxacillin combined disc diffusion test was performed for both inducible and non-inducible AmpC using cefoxitin disc with and without cloxacillin. Metallo-β-lactamase production in Enterobacteriaceae isolates was tested in screening test (positive= zone diameter of < 21 mm for meropenem). Non-fermenting Gram-negative isolates were tested by combined disc test using imipenem and imipenem-EDTA discs. Results: Majority of the bacteremia cases were caused by Staphylococcus aureus (43.13%), non-fermenting spp. (27.44%) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (11.76%). Escherichia coli (55.85%) was the main cause of urinary tract infection followed by Acinetobacter spp. (11.71%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (10.36%). No resistance to linezolid was seen in Gram-positive isolates. Frequency of vancomycin-resistance was about 9% in Enterococcus spp. Methicillin resistance was seen in 19% of S. aureus isolates. Enterobacteriaceae and Citrobacter freundii isolates were completely resistant to aminopenicillin, first and second-generation cephalosporins and cefamycin. Moreover, Klebsiella isolates were resistant to aminopenicillin. Enterobacteriaceae isolates showed resistance to aminopenicillin (89.87%), cephalosporins (54-90%) and cephamycin (37-45%). E. coli isolates were sensitive to PIT (87-96%) and imipenem (99.68-100%). ESBL production was seen in 166 Enterobacteriaceae isolates (30.24%) in DDST and CPCT. AmpC production was seen in 15 (2.73%) Enterobacteriaceae isolates.  Total β-lactamase production was found in 19.23% of the isolates tested. The frequency of β-lactamase production was highest in K. pneumoniae (51.67%). Co-production of β-lactamases was not observed. Conclusions: It is necessary to closely monitor drug resistance and β-lactamase production. Moreover, it is recommended to perform routine β-lactamase testing in microbiology laboratories for determining prevalence of antibiotic resistance and controlling their spread.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومی
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۶ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۶ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۱۰/۶
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Nanoty V V, Agrawal G N, Tankhiwale S S. Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance and β- lactamase Production in Clinical Isolates from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Central India. jcbr. 2018; 2 (1) :1-5
URL: http://jcbr.goums.ac.ir/article-1-95-fa.html

نانوتی ویجی، آگرووال گوپال، تنخیوال سنجای. Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance and β- lactamase Production in Clinical Isolates from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Central India. Journal of Clinical and Basic Research. 1397; 2 (1) :1-5

URL: http://jcbr.goums.ac.ir/article-1-95-fa.html



دوره 2، شماره 1 - ( 1-1397 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Journal of Clinical and Basic Research Journal of Clinical and Basic Research
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