[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 3, Issue 2 ( Journal of Clinical and Basic Research (JCBR) 2019) ::
jcbr 2019, 3(2): 14-20 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Effects of Context-Based Learning and Cooperative Learning on Professional Behavior and Critical Thinking of Anesthesiology Students
Fozieh Bakhsha1, Solmaz Halakou *1, Seyyed Yaquob Jafari1, Zahra Yousefi1, Zahra Mehrbakhsh2
1- Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Paramedicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (32 Views)
Background and objectives: Promoting and influencing the formation of professional behavior is one of the most challenging issues in education. The purpose of this study was to compare effects of context-based learning (CBL) and cooperative learning on professional behavior and critical thinking of anesthesiology students.
Methods: This was a semi-experimental study that was conducted on 42 third and fifth semester anesthesiology students who were divided into a CBL group (n=21) and a collaborative learning group (n=21). Data were collected before the intervention and one week and a month after the intervention using a questionnaire designed by Goze et al. and the Ricketts' Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS (version 16) using the generalized estimation equation method, the Chi-square test, independent T-test and the Mann–Whitney U test. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: After the intervention, the mean score of professional behavior and critical thinking did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05), but time had a significant impact on the mean score of professional behavior and critical thinking of the students (P<0.05). Moreover, the mean score of critical thinking increased over time in both groups and then remained constant. The mean score of professional behavior increased over time in both groups but decreased later in the CBL group.
Conclusion: The implementation of both learning approaches is equally effective in improving students' attitude toward professional behavior and critical thinking.
Keywords: Education, professional behavior, critical thinking, cooperative learning, context-based learning
Full-Text [PDF 159 kb]   (4 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2019/08/15 | Accepted: 2019/08/15 | Published: 2019/08/15
1. Kim-Godwin YS, Baek HC, Wynd CA. Factors influencing professionalism in nursing among Korean American registered nurses. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2010;26(4):242-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.profnurs.2009.12.007]
2. Hisar F, Karadağ A, Kan A. Development of an instrument to measure professional attitudes in nursing students in Turkey. Nurse Education Today. 2010;30(8):726-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2010.01.013]
3. Mullen M. Examining patterns of change in the critical thinking skills of graduate nursing students. J Nurs Educ. 2009;48(9):310-18. [DOI:10.3928/01484834-20090515-03]
4. Khatoni A, Nayery ND, Ahmady F, Haghani H. Comparison the effect of Web-based Education and Traditional Education on Nurses Knowledge about Bird Flu in Continuing Education. Iranian journal of medical education. 2011;11(2):1-9[persian]
5. Stone R, Cooper S, Cant R. The value of peer learning in undergraduate nursing education: a systematic review. ISRN nursing. 2013;2013:1-10. [DOI:10.1155/2013/930901]
6. Adib-Hajbaghery M, Rafiee S. Comparing the Effectiveness of Group Discussion and Lecture Methods on the learning of medical sciences students: A Review Study. Iranian Journalof Medical Education. 2016;16:53-62[persian].
7. Meyer K, Bjørk IT. Change of focus: from intensive care towards organ donation. Transplant International. 2008;21(2):133-9.
8. HassanpourDehkordi A, Masoudi R. Effect of Application Context Based Learning (CBL) and Traditional Learning on the Behavior, Attitude, Learning and Critical Thinking of Nursing Students Integration of Theory and Practice. J of Jondishapour education development. 2015 6(3):198-205[persian].
9. Momeni Danaei S, Zarshenas L, Oshagh M, Khoda O, Maryam S. Whichmethod of teaching would be better cooperative or lecture? Iranian journal of medical education. 2011;11(1):24-31[persian].
10. Silva B, Madeira RN, editors. A study and a proposal of a collaborative and competitive learning methodology. IEEE EDUCON 2010 Conference; 2010: IEEE. [DOI:10.1109/EDUCON.2010.5492466]
11. Megahed MM, Mohammad FA. Effect of cooperative learning on undergraduate nursing students' self-esteem: A quasi-experimental study. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 2014;4(11):1[persian]. [DOI:10.5430/jnep.v4n11p1]
12. Lin Z-C. Comparison of technology-basedcooperative learning with technology-based individual learning in enhancing fundamental nursing proficiency. Nurse education today. 2013;33(5):546-51. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2011.12.006]
13. Goz F, Geckil E. Nursing students professional behaviors scale (NSPBS) validity and reliability. Pak J Med Sci. 2010;26(4):938-41.
14. Ricketts JC. The efficacy of leadership development, critical thinking dispositions, and student academic performance on the critical thinking skills of selected youth leaders: University of Florida; 2003.
15. Khandaghi MA, Pakmehr H, Amiri E. The status of college students' critical thinking disposition in humanities. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011;15:1866-9[persian]. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.017]
16. Seamon A. The development of youth leadership life skills including critical thinking dispositions as a result of commercial dairy exhibition: Doctoral dissertation, uga.; 2010
17. Van Mook WN, van Luijk SJ, de Grave W, O'Sullivan H, Wass V, Schuwirth LW, et al. Teaching and learning professional behavior in practice. European journal of internal medicine. 2009;20(5):e105-e11. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejim.2009.01.003]
18. Davis DR. Assessment of Professional Behavior in Students: Thoughts and Opinions of Occupational Therapy Faculty: West Virginia University; 2015.
19. Abdoli S, Khajeh Ali T. Compression the effect of clinical concept mapping & nursing process in developing nursing students' critical thinking skills. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2012;11(9):1420-9. [persian]
20. Esmaeili R, Izadi A, Esmaeili M, Omidi K. Assessing the effect of Critical thinking education on caring process of nursing students. Modern Care Journal. 2011;8(1):1-6[persian].
21. Mousavi MS, Mahmoudi M, Pou DH, Asgari P. Comparison of Problem Solving and Participatory Teaching Methods on Clinical Learning, Anxiety, and Satisfaction of Nursing Students in Arak University of Medical Sciences, Iran. 2018;7(1):41-50. [persian]
22. Azizzadeh Forouzi M, Mohammad Alizadeh S, Heidarzadeh A. Viewpoints of Nursing and Midwifery Students Toward Desirability of Collaborative Learning in the English Language Course. Journal of Nursing Education. 2016;5(5):37-42. [persian] [DOI:10.21859/jne-05056]
23. Manzari Z, Karimi Moonaghi H, Masoumian Hoseini S, Behnam Vashani H, Khaleghi I
24. Comparing the effect of tow educational methods ( Contexed based learning and lecture) on nurses konwlege, attitude and practice about nurses role in organ donation process. The Journal of Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty. 2015;13(9):758-71.
25. Williams B, Spiers J, Fisk A, Richards L, Gibson B, Kabotoff W, et al. The influence of an undergraduate problem/context based learning program on evolving professional nursing graduate practice. Nurse Education Today. 2012;32(4):417-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2011.03.002]
26. Burns SM, Mendel S, Fisher R, Cooper K, Fisher M. Critical Thinking inNurse Anesthesia Education: A Pilot Study. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching. 2013;2(1):83. [DOI:10.5430/jct.v2n1p83]
27. Garcha PS, Kumar K. Effectiveness of cooperative learning on critical thinking dispositions of secondary school students. 2015;3(1): 55-62 [DOI:10.15415/iie.2015.31005]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bakhsha F, Halakou S, Jafari S Y, Yousefi Z, Mehrbakhsh Z. Comparison of Effects of Context-Based Learning and Cooperative Learning on Professional Behavior and Critical Thinking of Anesthesiology Students. jcbr. 2019; 3 (2) :14-20
URL: http://jcbr.goums.ac.ir/article-1-216-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 2 ( Journal of Clinical and Basic Research (JCBR) 2019) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Clinical and Basic Research Journal of Clinical and Basic Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3937