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:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (Journal of Clinical and Basic Research(JCBR) 2018) ::
jcbr 2018, 2(4): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Kawasaki Disease in a Pediatric Hospital in Gorgan, Northeast of Iran
Fatemeh Cheraghali 1, Naghimeh Hajimoradloo 1, Gholamreza Roshandel 2, Mehrnaz Meftah 1, Somayeh Azadfar * 1
1- Infectious Diseases Research Centre; Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2- Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GRCGH); Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (34 Views)
Background and objectives: Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis with an unknown etiology that mainly affects infants and children under five years of age. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of this disease in the Golestan Province, northeast of Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, we evaluated all patients admitted to the Taleghani Hospital in Gorgan (capital of the Golestan Province) from September 2005 to September 2012. Characteristics of patients who met the diagnostic criteria of Kawasaki disease were recorded.
Results: Overall, 58 children (36 males and 12 females) with Kawasaki disease were included in the study. Thirty-six patients (62.06%) were under 2 years of age and the rest were over 2 years of age. The annual incidence of Kawasaki disease in the studied population was 37.39 per 100,000 children. The most common clinical manifestations were rash (68.6%) and oral mucosal changes (60.8%). The most common laboratory findings were leukocytosis (37.3%), positive C-reactive protein (88.2%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate of >35 (74.5%) and anemia (68.6%). Among 37 cases who were subjected to sonography, one case was found with splenomegaly.
Conclusion: In this areas, Kawasaki disease is more common among children under the age of 2 years. The most common clinical manifestations of the disease are rash and oral mucosal changes.
Keywords: Kawasaki, Gorgan, Epidemiology
     
Article Type: Research | Subject: Medicine
Received: 2018/12/27 | Accepted: 2018/12/27 | Published: 2018/12/27
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Cheraghali F, Hajimoradloo N, Roshandel G, Meftah M, Azadfar S. Prevalence of Kawasaki Disease in a Pediatric Hospital in Gorgan, Northeast of Iran. jcbr. 2018; 2 (4)
URL: http://jcbr.goums.ac.ir/article-1-167-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 4 (Journal of Clinical and Basic Research(JCBR) 2018) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Clinical and Basic Research Journal of Clinical and Basic Research
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